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February 3, 2013 / Joanne Yeck

Colonial Buckingham: Four Anglican Churches


The “mother” church, known as Buckingham, was located near present-day Gold Hill in that part of the county and this first glebe land was in the northeastern part of Buckingham, not far from Hunt’s Creek. By 1774, there were four churches in Tillotson Parish. In addition to Buckingham Church, Buck and Doe Church was named for a stream near Willis Mountain and New Store, in the southeastern section of the county Maynards was the third, and Goodwin’s Church (a.k.a. Goodlin’s and Goodings) was located about eleven miles north of Buckingham Courthouse, near today’s Highway 20.

Following the American Revolution and the severing of ties with the Anglican Church, Tillotson Parish’s mother church, Buckingham, was eventually claimed by Rev. Rene Chastain and the congregation of Buckingham Baptist Church. The exact timing of this is unclear but the Baptists used the structure long before they finally held a deed to the property in the late 19th century.

If anyone can help with the location of Maynards Church, please let me know.

Coming next:  Buckingham Baptist Church


Leave a Comment
  1. Joanne Yeck / Feb 4 2013 12:14 pm

    Many thanks, Ed. I had not considered that the church at Maynard’s had been cut out of Buckingham County. But of course! That corner of the vaster colonial county needed one of the four original churches. The Patteson family spread all over Buckingham, but I do know that some were in the Bent Creek area. More to come after I do a little digging!

  2. Ed Ayres / Feb 4 2013 12:08 pm

    In his “History of the James River Baptist Association 1832-1982” Robert L. Wood says that in 1775 a group meet at “Maynard’s Corner” to start Liberty [Baptist] Chapel. He located Maynard’s Corner about five miles south of Bent Creek – which would put it in present day Appomattox County. Another clue can be found in the few remaining tillotson parish vestry records. From 1772 through 1775 John Patteson was paid 1,250 lbs. of tobacco each year for acting as “Reader & Sexton [at] Maynards Church.” Presumably he lived near the church so if anyone knows where he lived it may give another clue. It does seem Maynard’s Church was in the southwestern part of Buckingham as it was defined in the 1770s.


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