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November 13, 2014 / Joanne Yeck

Buckingham Churches: Goshen Baptist Church


 Goshen Baptist Church, Courtesy Historic Buckingham

This building replaced the original structure on the same site.

The Virginia Historical Surveys from the 1930s are a wonderful resource, truly invaluable.  Many, however, include misleading content. Some errors are to be expected, especially when gathering oral history.  Other mistakes may be the result of typists deciphering the handwriting of Buckingham County field workers Elizabeth McCraw and Garnett Williams.

When Mrs. Williams surveyed the site of Goshen Baptist Church, the long-destroyed building was given the date  “1838.”  Since the church was founded in 1858, it seems likely that Garnett Williams’ “5” was interpreted as a “3” by the typist, thus creating the misleading date.

According to the survey, the first Goshen Baptist Church was torn down in 1888. Because the structure was no longer standing in 1937, Garnett Williams noted under “Historical Significance” that the church was “said to have been very poorly constructed.”

Informants mentioned were Buckingham historian Lulie Patteson, described by Garnett Williams as “an old inhabitant” of the county, and Lucy Hocker, an “elderly colored woman” living in Warren.

Originally, Goshen was known as Gooseberry Baptist Church and one of the church founders was Rev. Elbridge G. Jefferson, grandson of Randolph Jefferson and great-nephew of Thomas Jefferson.  No mention of the Jefferson connection was made in Mrs. Williams’ survey. Perhaps, Rev. Jefferson, who died on September 10, 1865, was long-forgotten in Buckingham County. While he had three children, none of them left descendants.

Click here to search the Virginia Historical Surveys, available online at the Library of Virginia.

To learn more about WPA field workers Elizabeth McCraw and Garnett Williams, as well as historian Lulie Patteson, consult “At a Place Called Buckingham.”

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