Buckingham County: Cow-Pox
In 1801, a Dr. Walker of Buckingham County advertised in the Virginia Argus alerting the citizens of Buckingham County that he was ready to inoculate with cow-pox:
Will commence inoculation at his Hospital in the county of Buckingham, on the 1st May, with the
Vaccine or Cow-Pox,
a disease that is so very slight, that it has caused many to doubt whether it is an antidote to the small-pox or not – the testimony from Europe in its favor has caused it to be adopted in many parts of America, and where its power has been put to the test by experiments, it has been found sufficient to prevent the body from smallpox, but to remove all doubt, sufficient trials will be made at the hospital before 1st May, for the purpose of giving– demonstration to the skeptical.
April 9, 1801.
It is quite probable that this Dr. Walker is the same physician who treated Randolph Jefferson at Snowden when he suffered from kidney stones. On August 18, 1801, Randolph Jefferson’s daughter, Nancy, was among the family members inoculated against small pox at Monticello. That day, her little cousins, Ellen and Cornelia Randolph were also treated. Former Snowden slaves, Ben and Cary, were inoculated as well, along with several members of the Hemings family.
For more about Randolph Jefferson, his family, and the lives of his slaves: The Jefferson Brothers.