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October 8, 2018 / Joanne Yeck

Buckingham County’s Poor, 1805-1820: Part IV

Volume Two in Roger G. Ward’s indispensable series, ” Buckingham County, Virginia: Land Tax Summaries and Implied Deeds, 1815-1840.”

Roger G. Ward has abstracted images from the Buckingham County Virginia Loose Papers housed in San Marino, California at the Huntington Library. At the end of this series, there will be a link to a PDF containing his complete document.

Click here to catch up: Buckingham County’s Poor, 1805-1820: Part I


Physicians living in Buckingham County were frequently reimbursed by the Overseers of the Poor. Grimly, others provided coffins. The loose papers at the Huntington Library include the names of the following doctors:

Dr. Reubin D. Palmer treated Catharine Whorley.

Dr. Mace C. Spencer treated Eveline Haskins.

Dr. John S. Mills and Dr. Charles Mills were reimbursed.  Were they related?

Dr. C. C. Allen, Dr. Southal, Dr. Fontain, and Dr. N. C. Spencer received funds. Is this actually Mace C. Spencer mentioned above?


In affidavits of Virginia Soldiers of 1776, Mace Clements Spencer, of “Oakville” in Buckingham County, is identified as the son of Gideon Spencer, of Charlotte County. In 1835, Spencer became one of the trustees for Buckingham’s Oak Grove Academy.  Mary/Maria Elizabeth Walker (c.1785-1857) married Dr. Mace C. Spencer. She is believed to be his third wife. They were enumerated together on the 1850 census: Mace C. Spencer, physician, age 61; Mary, his wife, age 55; and three probable sons: Benjamin, Charles, and Samuel Spencer.

If a Slate River Ramblings reader recognizes any of these early nineteenth century physicians living in Buckingham County, please comment.

To learn more about the fascinating history of Buckingham County’s poorhouses, see my essay “Stewards of the Poor: Buckingham County’s Poorhouses” in “At a Place Called Buckingham” Volume Two.

Coming next: Buckingham County’s Poor, 1805-1820: Part V

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